Agra has a rich historical background, which is amply evident from the numerous historical monuments in and around the city. The earliest reference for Agra comes from the epical age, when Mahabharata refer Agra as Agravana. In the sources prior to this, Agra has been referred as Arya Griha or the abode of the Aryans. The first person who referred Agra by its modern name was Ptolemy. Agra came to its own when Shahjahan ascended to the throne of Mughal Empire. He marked the zenith of Mughal architecture, when he built the Taj in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. In his later years, Shahjahan shifted his capital to the new city of Shahjahanabad in Delhi and ruled from there. Shahjahan was dethroned in 1658 by his son, Aurangzeb who imprisoned him in the Agra Fort. Aurangzeb shifted the capital back to Agra till his death.
Agra has Shared a very Special relation with IIMUN. The concept of Model UN was introduced in the city for the first time making it Uttar Pradesh's Largest Conference. In April 2017 the conference was covered live on television, its articles where published in various newspapers and had Lumanaries such as Mr. Amitabh Agnihotri (Editor in Chief Knews India) and Mrs. Manju Seth (Former Indian Ambassador Madagascar).